Menopause Matters Forum

Menopause Discussion => All things menopause => Topic started by: Emma on January 15, 2018, 05:34:39 PM

Title: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on January 15, 2018, 05:34:39 PM
MENOPAUSE
The term "Menopause" means the last period. The average age of periods stopping is 51 years of age in the UK.

Periods stop naturally because ovaries run out of egg cells. The ovaries are then unable to produce the usual cycle of fluctuating levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone which are dependent on the cyclical development and release of eggs. With resultant low hormone levels, the womb lining is not stimulated to be thickened and then shed as in the normal cycle, and so periods stop.

Consequences of the menopause are due to  estrogen deficiency and can be divided into early (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/symptoms.php), intermediate (vaginal  (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/vaginalsymptoms.php)and bladder (http://www.bladdermatters.co.uk/)) and late (bone  (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/osteoporosis.php)and heart health (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/cvd.php))
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on January 25, 2018, 03:22:27 PM
PREMATURE MENOPAUSE
Menopause can occur early and affects 1% of women under the age of 40, and 0.1% of women under the age of 30. Menopause under the age of 45 is known as early menopause and under the age of 40 as Premature Ovarian Insufficiency (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/prematuremenopause.php).
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on February 01, 2018, 01:17:08 PM
MENOPAUSE SYMPTOMS
Menopausal symptoms (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/symptoms.php) are not just about flushes and sweats. Many women experience mood changes such as low mood, mood swings, tearfullness and anxiety. Talk about it, explain how you are feeling so that your family, friends and work colleagues understand.

You can experience Menopausal symptoms (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/symptoms.php) even if you are still having periods. The phase known as perimenopause is when hormonal levels fluctuate and can trigger a range of symptoms. See: perils of the perimenopause (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/magazine/articles-mainly.php#perils)
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on February 09, 2018, 01:24:00 PM
CONTRACEPTION

Contraception  (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/contra1.php) is still needed even after your periods stop; for another two years if periods stop under age 50, and for a further year if they stop after age 50.

No woman needs Contraception  (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/contra1.php)  after the age of 55. Even if still having periods then and so still having some ovarian function, it is believed that the egg quality will be very poor so that pregnancy is extremely unlikely to occur.
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on February 19, 2018, 05:12:33 PM
MENOPAUSE DIAGNOSIS

Blood tests are not required, and indeed are not recommended, to diagnose perimenopause or menopause in women aged over 45 and are rarely useful in women aged 40 to 45, though can be considered in this age group. Diagnosis  (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/diagnose.php)should be made by history of symptoms and period pattern
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on March 01, 2018, 01:36:03 PM
HRT

Bioidentical hormone therapy from compounding pharmacies is not regulated or government approved. If hormone therapy is required, government approved preparations prescribed on NHS should be used. See Types of HRT (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/treatment.php") and decision tree (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/tree.php).
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on March 20, 2018, 01:12:13 PM
BLADDER MATTERS

Bladder function and risk of urine infections can be affected by menopausal estrogen deficiency. Symptoms are common and can respond to bladder training and vaginal estrogen treatment. See our bladder matters website (https://www.bladdermatters.co.uk).
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on March 29, 2018, 09:50:38 AM
PROLAPSE

Symptoms of prolapse  (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/prolapse.php)are common in the postmenopause. Symptoms can be helped by carrying out pelvic floor exercises and maintaining healthy weight.
Title: Re: Quick links to information on this website
Post by: Emma on April 09, 2018, 08:15:41 AM
VAGINAL DRYNESS

Menopause can be associated with reduced interest in sex, which can be due to vaginal dryness (https://www.menopausematters.co.uk/dryness.php) and discomfort. Many women find it difficult to discuss this and might even hide the problem from their partner, making excuses not to have sex. Effective treatments are available.